Unlocking locked reserves, drilling un-drillables, and predicting un-predictables, Saving millions of dollars for your assets
PETROLERN Consulting offers a wide range of consulting services in subsurface engineering, reservoir engineering and geosciences subjects for oil and gas, geothermal and carbon storage industries. Our mission in PETROLERN is to transfer knowledge to our clients while conducting consulting projects. We work closely with our clients’ teams to ensure that the scope of work and their requirements are fully understood.
We always start our project with free training for our clients to familiarize them with the fundamentals of the subject. To ensure that our methodologies are transparent, required input data and the expected results are communicated.
Our policy is to openly discuss caveats involved in our study and uncertainties in the results with our clients. We pursue challenging projects to apply innovative solutions and problem-solving skills. Our experienced and creative team is ready to provide solutions to any challenging problems concerning:
- We start our consulting projects with a free training course
- We work closely with our clients to ensure knowledge exchange
- Our goal is full satisfaction of our clients
- Quality is what we aim at
- We enjoy challenging and nerve-racking projects
We believe production from unconventional resources requires unconventional thinking
The remarkable growth of Unconventional Resources in North America has already changed the global energy landscape. Outside of North America, significant volumes of unconventional resources provide an impressive boost in the energy supply of any country that is ready to meet the significant challenges to develop them. There are multiple sources of uncertainty in unconventional plays. Some uncertainty results from the extremely small pore size and low permeability of many of these reservoirs and the difficulty to obtain accurate measurements of porosity and saturation. Other sources of risk involve development strategies, infrastructure and commercial uncertainty. At PETROLERN, we pay special attention to the optimized development of unconventional resources. We believe that successful production from unconventional resources requires unconventional thinking. PETROLERN is proud of its contribution to the development of the shale gas resources in the UK. PETROLERN has a strong presence in Pakistan, helping operators to maximize production from tight gas fields. After completing an extensive experimental study on the Vaca Muerta shale, PETROLERN has gained adequate knowledge to help operators in Argentina to develop their shale assets more efficiently and economically.
Deep-water & HPHT Fields:
Easy projects are for experts, we are geeks
Drilling and production operations in Deep-water and HPHT fields are the most challenging operations in the oil and gas industry. Due to significantly narrow mud weight window in deep water and HPHT environments, safe and optimum drilling, completion and production require advanced knowledge and cutting-edge technologies. PETROLERN’s personnel have extensive experience in modeling and design for deep-water and HPHT operations in Golf of Mexico, North Sea, Off-shore Africa and Caspian Sea.
We care for clean energy as we do for fossil energy
To maximize the sustainability of Geothermal Reservoirs, especially Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS), and ensure safe and cost-effective subsurface operations such as drilling, completion, stimulation and injection, knowledge of subsurface state of stress, rock properties, natural fractures and temperature is essential. We strive to make the most reliable estimations of these parameters using advanced analytical and numerical models in combination with signal processing and machine learning techniques. PETROLERN is partnered with the University of Utah to leverage its experimental research capabilities and gain access to the Utah FORGE underground field laboratory in Milford for testing developments in EGS technologies. In PETROLERN, we care for clean energy as we do for fossil energy.
Environment safety is our red line
Long-term CO2 Storage in geologic formations is a response to growing concerns about climate change resulting from increased carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere. The key to the effective injection of CO2 into the subsurface formations, including depleted oil and gas reservoirs for EOR, is a detailed characterization of the formation properties, in-situ stresses, natural fractures network, seal capacity of cap rock and formation pressure. This is our expertise at PETROLERN. Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting (MVA) to confirm permanent storage of CO2 in geological formations is a significant cost component of any carbon storage campaign and necessary to its success. PETROLERN is researching automated and low-cost MVA solutions to progress carbon storage towards commercialization by providing a reliable and real-time control option over the reservoir as well as reducing the associated costs. Since subsurface monitoring sensors typically generate a huge volume of data, PETROLERN’s solutions address the data management’s bottlenecks including but not limited to insufficient bandwidth, inadequate storage and limited connectivity by means of adaptive data acquisition techniques to enable data compression at sensor location.
Subsurface Geoengineering Department
- 1D to 4D Geomechanical Modeling
- Pore Pressure Prediction
- Wellbore stability and Well Design
- Sand Production Prediction and Management
- Hydraulic/Acid Fracturing and Matrix Acidizing
- Well and Casing Design, Drilling Optimization
- Completion Design and Optimization
- Rock Mechanics Testing and Core Analysis
Reservoir and Production Engineering Department
- Reservoir Engineering and Management
- EOR/IOR and Fractured Reservoirs
- Reservoir Depletion and Performance Prediction
- Production Engineering and Production Technology
- Assessment, Valuation and Development of Unconventional Resources
- Geothermal Feasibility Study
- Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) Engineering
- Evaluation of Carbon Sequestration Formations
Data Science Department
- Subsurface Monitoring
- Data Compression and Processing
- Signal Processing
- Data Analytics
- Data Management
Subsurface Geoengineering Department
We aim at no subsurface risks
PETROLERN is specialized in Geomechanics with applications in exploration, drilling, reservoir, completion and production engineering. Our world-class, experienced team provides 1 to 4-D geomechanical modeling, pore pressure prediction, in-situ stress estimation, rock property evaluation, rock mechanics testing program, wellbore stability analysis, sand production prediction, naturally fractured reservoir characterization, production optimization, hydraulic/acid fracturing modeling and design, gas/fluid injection, well and completion design, casing design, drilling optimization, and well intervention. We also design, execute, supervise and quality control rock mechanics testing programs to make sure that the maximum value is obtained from your expensive core samples. PETROLERN is partnered with the Pennsylvania State University to get access to state-of-the-art testing facilities. We are also partnered with WellPerform in Denmark and Ridge in Norway to leverage our well construction capabilities.
Our subsurface geoengineering services are provided to all subsurface activities including oil and gas, geothermal and carbon storage operations. We believe that geomechanics is a powerful tool, if used properly, to maximize production, minimize risk and reduce time and cost. We do geomechanics properly and we are proud to save millions of dollars and hundreds of operating days for our clients.
Major Projects Include:
- Bowland Shale Gas, UK
- Vaca Muerta Shale, Argentina
- Naushahro Feroze Field, Pakistan
- Gambat Field, Pakistan
- Thang Long Field, Vietnam
- Vibe-1 Well, Denmark
- Preston New Road, UK
- Lynch Block, Midland
- Kandhkot Field, Pakistan
- Hejre HPHT Field, Denmark
- Siri, Nini, Cecile Fields, Denmark
- Mjolner Field, Norway
- Syde Arne Chalk Field, Denmark
- Adhi Field, Pakistan
- Marcellus Shale Gas, Pennsylvania
- Barnett Shale, Texas
- Thebe Field, NW Shelf Australia
- Massa Field, Brazil
- West Qurna, Iraq
- Urdaneta Field, Venezuela
- Bachaquero Field, Venezuela
- Baronia and Baram Fields, Malaysia
Reservoir and Production Engineering Department
Maximum production is our goal
PETROLERN’s Reservoir Engineering team consists of experts with worldwide experience in all aspects of classical and dynamic reservoir engineering, reservoir management, modeling, appraisal, production, and EOE/IOR. This substantial experience with majors and leading industry players includes conventional and unconventional reservoir engineering studies in USA, Canada, Europe, Russia, Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. The team has knowledge and experience in onshore and offshore, green and brown, ultra-deep-water, and HPHT fields in addition to geothermal reservoirs.
Since nearly 60% of oil remains in reservoirs after conventional recovery, PETROLERN provides efficient Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) solutions to the clients to help recovery of these precious resources of energy. It is as part of a general scheme of reservoir management to maximize ultimate recovery. Our capability to evaluate and characterize potential carbon storage formations enables effective CO2 injection in depleted reservoirs.
- Classical reservoir
- Building complex reservoir simulation models
- Integrated production modeling – IPM for Production Forecasting and facility concept screening
- Feasibility and Design of EOR projects
- Black oil, heavy oil, shale gas, tight gas, and gas condensate reservoirs
- Dynamic reservoir studies
- Production forecasting, dynamic history matching, and sensitivity study
- Fluid behavior and PVT
- Fractured reservoirs
- porosity and dual permeability models
- Integrated full field development planning
- Maximize production within company requirements and facility constraints
- Implementation of side-track wells, infill wells, and well studies
- Well performance, prediction and monitoring
- Pressure Transient Analysis (PTA) and well testing
- Short-term and medium-term reservoir management and depletion planning
- Well performance & monitoring
- Influencing Joint Venture (JV) partners on all aspects of reservoir management.
The Production Engineering discipline’s unique areas of expertise cover modelling and optimizing well inflow and outflow performance, conceptual well and completion design, design of well/reservoir interface, including sand, well, reservoir and facility management, production system modelling and optimization, and well integrity management, including specification of the operating envelope for the well. The domain of the production engineer discipline is from the sand-face to the surface choke.
Our production engineers are production impact specialists who understand how to optimize production from existing wells and the impact of completion/well intervention decisions on production performance throughout the life cycle of the wells.
For more information, contact
Data Science Department
Adapting powerful tools from other disciplines is our power
At PETROLERN, we use powerful tools from other industries to leverage our subsurface capabilities. We have developed advanced workflows and methodologies to maximize the extraction of reliable information from large data sets and, consequently, optimize drilling, completion, stimulation, and production operations. Our methodologies integrate signal processing, machine learning, and data fusion algorithms to create advanced and powerful tools for data processing and analytics. We have saved millions of dollars for our clients using these innovative and data driven approaches. This success results from combining data scientists and engineers with domain expertise to bring maximum value to our clients using their data. PETROLERN’s Data Science Group has developed multiple methods related to subsurface operations including:
- Naturally Fractured Zone Identification
- Borehole Enlargement Zone Identification
- Rock Properties Estimation from Basic Logs
- Completion Design Optimization
- Type Curve Clustering
- Drilling Parameters and Bit Selection Optimization
- Hydraulic Fracturing Chemical Optimization
- Screen-out prediction
- Production forecasting
- Synthetic log creation
- Anomaly detection
- Bit failure prediction
- Liquid loading prediction and real time application
Our Success Stories
We strive to turn all our projects into success stories
Drilling in the Bowland Shale, UK
Drilling in Lancashire, UK, for shale gas exploration and appraisal was a disaster with numerous unpredicted drilling problems and non-productive time. The first hydraulic fracturing operation to test the Bowland Shale prospect resulted in a seismic event of magnitudes ML=2.3 which raised many environmental concerns and postponed the project for almost 6 years. PETROLERN’s comprehensive geomechanical study resulted in smooth and problem-free drilling of an S-shape appraisal well and the first ever horizontal shale gas well in the UK at Preston New Road site. The study also provided optimum frac design based on UK regulations and environmental constrains, resulting in multi-stage hydraulic fracturing with no significant seismic events.
Stimulation of a Tight Reservoir in Pakistan
Attempts to stimulate a partially fractured tight carbonate reservoir in South Pakistan indicated that fracturing without an adequate understanding of the in-situ stresses and rock mechanical properties is a huge risk. These initial attempts included a matrix acidizing job followed by a pulsated proppant fracturing job and, eventually, an acid-fracturing job. Despite this, the resulting production rates were unsustainable. PETROLERN’s geomechanical and fracturing study suggested a combined Proppant Fracturing and Closed Fracture Acidizing approach and resulted in the successful completion of a 10-stage stimulation job in a horizontal open-hole of 1,300 m length. This operation was the first of its kind in Pakistan, having a great impact on prospective tight gas developments in Pakistan.
HPHT Drilling in a North Sea Field
Plan for drilling in a North Sea HPHT field was using expensive MPD technology due to a narrow mud weight window. PETROLERN’s geomechanical study suggested a well and casing design that enabled drilling with conventional methods and reduced the cost remarkedly.
Additional HPHT Drilling in a North Sea Field
Drilling in an HPHT field in the North Sea was associated with costly lost circulation and formation collapse problems. PETROLERN’s wellbore stability study showed that minor modification in the well design significantly reduces the risk of wellbore instability. As a result of this study, the next wells were drilled with minimum drilling problems while saving 3 days when drilling the HPHT reservoir section.
Fracturing of a Tight Sand Reservoir in Vietnam
A feasibility study on a tight sand reservoir in Vietnam evaluated that the planned hydraulic fracturing stimulation would be unpreferable due to the current well and completion designs. A add perforation and acid stimulation strategy was proposed instead with large potential incremental production. The study saved millions of dollars for the clients by preventing an operation which would not have any impact on production.
3D Geomechanical Modeling and Compaction Study on a North Sea Field
3D geomechanical modeling and compaction study on a North Sea field revealed that a planned production strategy could cause severe faults reactivation that could potentially risk the reservoir and caprock integrity. An optimum production strategy was designed along with water injection to secure maximum production from the field with no integrity risk.